Chhukha Dzongkhag was established in April 1987, coinciding with the beginning of the sixth plan. The dzongkhag has one Drungkhag and 11 geogs viz Bongo, Bjachho, Chapchha, Darla, Dungna, Getena, Geling, Lokchina, Metakha ,Sampheling and Phuentsholing. Chhukha is the main entry points for import and commercial hub of the country. Major hydro power plants, which are key source of national income are also located in Chhukha dzongkhag.
This comparative advantage can foster rapid economic growth of the Dzongkhag Chhukha dzongkhag covers an area of about 1,802 sq.kilometers with elevations ranging from 200 to 3500m above sea level. Cultivatable agricultural land forms only around nine percent of the total area of the dzongkhag. Majority of the people depend on livestock and subsistence agricultural farming. mandarin, potatoes and cardomom are the principlal cash crops in the dzongkhag. Despite favourable climatic conditions, farm productivity is low due to terrain conditions and lack of adequate farm infrastructure in particular farm roads.
The dzongkhag has 30 schools including 15 community schools with total students of 11316 in 2001. Three hospitals and eight BHUs render public health services in the dzongkhag. With 110 drinking water supply schemes, over 60 percent of the population have access to piped drinking water supply. About 500 households have access to electricity. Phuentsholing, Darla, Sampheling, Chapchha and Logchina geogs have fairly good road network, electricity, telephones connection, water supply, health and education coverage with high income levels and good living conditions.Getena, Dungna, Metakha, Geling and Bongo geogs on the other hand are very remote and relatively poor. Rugged terrain and lack of motorable roads pose considerable problem in delivering developmental services to the people in these geogs